Guidance for homelessness services to develop their organisational approach to suicide prevention
Those deaths include a quantum physicist, a former soldier and a grieving 31-year-old who had lost both his mother and brother.
Some died in doorways, some in tents pitched in the snow, some died in shelters and others passed away in hospital after a life on the streets. Many were rough sleepers, others were statutory homeless and staying in temporary accommodation.
The Bureau of Investigative Journalism has surveyed dozens of homeless charities, trawled local press reports and pieced together figures to create a database of those deaths. Today it launches Dying Homeless, a long-term project that will log and record future deaths of those who died while homeless.
The number of people sleeping rough has risen sharply in recent years, the national figure has risen 169% since 2010.
Jeremy Swain, Chief Executive of homelessness charity Thames Reach, welcomed the initiative, saying: “To systematically record the number of deaths of rough sleepers in order to gauge the scale of the problem and investigate trends will be of enormous practical value as a means of raising awareness and finding solutions to reduce the appalling cull of people living without a home in entirely unacceptable conditions.”
“It is extraordinary and unacceptable that national data on rough sleepers is so limited,” Swain added.
Lack of data on rough sleeper deaths
Rick Henderson, Chief Executive of Homeless Link, comments: “Until now, a lack of data on rough sleeper deaths has been a conspicuous gap in the evidence base. Access to reliable research will help us to understand and bring an end to this disgraceful issue. In addition, serious case reviews should be carried out for all deaths.”
Petra Salva, St Mungo’s Director of Rough Sleeper Services said: “It’s a scandal that people are dying on our streets. St Mungo’s would welcome more nationally collated, robust statistics around rough sleeper deaths.”
The Bureau found that at least 59 men and 16 women, died while homeless since 1 October 2017 to date, in three cases the gender is not known due to lack of public information.
The ages of those in our database so far range from 19 to 68 years old. Fourteen deaths were of people 35 years old or under.
Twelve deaths have been logged in Brighton and many of those were recorded by Dr Tim Worthley of Arch Health, who has been keeping his own log of deaths in the area. He is aware of 11 men and women that have died since October 1, 2017, from the date which the Bureau project is starting its count. The Bureau later found a case of another man who had died there. All have been included in the Bureau’s dataset.
“I felt that I was seeing people that maybe nobody else was seeing, and then they were dying, and it felt like there was no marking of their life or their death.” Worthley told the Bureau. “At least if I wrote their names down that gave them some sort of posterity, it marked them in some small way,” he added.
The Bureau found a number of causes of death including overdoses, suspected suicides and accidents.
Responding to the Bureau’s findings, a government spokesperson said: "Every death of someone sleeping rough on our streets is one too many. We are taking bold action and have committed to halving rough sleeping by 2022 and eliminating it by 2027.
“We are investing £1.2bn to tackle all forms of homelessness and earlier this month the Homeless Reduction Act, the most ambitious legislation in this area in decades, came into force."
The Bureau is asking the public and those working for and with homeless people to help to fill in the blanks and help record any future deaths.
Anyone with knowledge of someone who has died while homeless can pass on details at: https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2018-04-23/dying-homeless
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Maeve is a journalist at the Bureau of Investigative Journalism.
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